Future Trees – Types Of Trees

TYPES OF TREES

The following trees have been chosen:

Mahogany – US $25.00
The Barbados Mahogany, Swietenia mahogani, is a widely distributed family of chiefly tropical shrubs and trees, often having scented wood. The valuable hardwood called mahogany is obtained from many members of the family; in Barbados it has long been associated with fine cabinetmaking and similar uses. This local mahogany is a grand tree with a broad, dense symmetrical crown and a straight trunk often buttressed and swollen at the base. It has the potential to get 75 ft (22.9 m) tall with a trunk diameter in excess of 2 ft (0.6 m). The Barbados Mahogany is a popular avenue or shade tree throughout the Caribbean. It often is used in parks and commercial landscapes, and around parking lots. On streets they usually are planted about 30 ft (9.1 m) apart. Mahogany casts only a light shadow and doesn’t discourage grass and other plantings beneath it. Barbados Mahogany is renowned for its ability to withstand strong winds, and it is moderately tolerant of salt spray and salty soils. It’s a good large shade or specimen tree for coastal (but not fully exposed to the sea) landscapes. According to tradition its wood was first introduced to England from the West Indies when Sir Walter Raleigh had a mahogany table made for Queen Elizabeth I; the popularity of the wood increased steadily in the 18th cent. The different mahoganies vary in color from golden to deep red brown; most are close-grained and resistant to termites.
Tamarind – US $25.00
The Tamarind, Tamarindus indica, is a slow-growing, long-lived, massive tree that reaches, under favorable conditions, a height of 80 or even 100 ft (24-30 m), and may attain a spread of 40 ft (12 m) and a trunk circumference of 25 ft (7.5 m). It is highly wind-resistant, with strong, supple branches, gracefully drooping at the ends, and has dark-gray, rough, fissured bark. The fruit pulp is edible and popular. It is used in desserts as a jam, blended into juices or sweetened drinks, sorbets, ice-creams and all manner of snack. It is also consumed as a natural laxative. In Western cuisine it is found in Worcestershire sauce; HP sauce; it is rumored to be one of the ‘secret ingredients’ in Coca-Cola. In the Caribbean, Jamaicans use it to make Pickapeppa sauce, and Barbados it is usually eaten as ‘tamarind balls’. Tamarind is used in Indian Ayurvedic Medicine for gastric and/or digestion problems,and is believed to protect the heart. In temples, especially in Buddhist Asian countries, the fruit pulp is used to polish brass and shrine furniture, removing dulling and the greenish patina that forms. The wood is a bold red color.
Mango – US $25.00
The Mango, Mangifera indica, makes a handsome landscape specimen and shade tree. They are erect and fast growing with sufficient heat, and the canopy can be broad and rounded, or more upright, with a relatively slender crown. It is ultimately a large tree, to 65 ft.. The tree is long-lived with some specimens known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting. The mango is native to southern Asia, especially Burma and eastern India. It spread early on to Malaya, eastern Asia and eastern Africa. Mangos were introduced to Barbados in 1742. The fruit varies greatly in size and character. The smallest kinds are no larger than good-sized plums, while the largest are 4 or 5 pounds in weight. The flavor of the mango has been likened to a combination of apricot and pineapple, yet it cannot be described accurately by any such comparison. It is rich and juicy in the best varieties, sweet, but at the same time acid and spicy. The family Anacardiaceae, to which the mango belongs, includes a large number of plants found within the tropics and a few growing in the Mediterranean region, Japan, and temperate North America. The best known relatives of the mango are the cashew (Anacardium occidentale), widely cultivated in the tropics for its edible fruit and the pistachio nut (Pistacia vera) of the Mediterranean region.
Golden Apple – US $25.00
Golden Apple, Spondias cytherea, is a fast-growing medium-sized tree native to the Society Islands of the South Pacific. In Barbados it has been grown for many years and is a favorite fruit of many people. The large spreading tree can reach heights of forty to fifty feet with an equal width and it has long pinnately-compound leaves which can be from twelve to thirty inches long. Fruits at maturity have a yellow to golden-orange skin and an orangey-yellow pulp surrounding a single large spiny seed. Flavour varies from acid to sweet and most people eat this as a fresh fruit; however, it does make excellent preserves, jellies or sauces. In many cultures, the fruit is also eaten green before full maturity. These grow well in a wide variety of soil types and can grow as much as four to seven feet in a single growing season. Trees do best in full sun, but will produce some fruit in light shade, but should not be planted beneath other larger trees. If you live close to salt water, this tree has poor salt tolerance and should be be protected from the effects of salt spray.
Frangipani – US $25.00
Frangipani, Plumeria obtuse, is relatively small tree growing only to about 5-6m in height – but what it lacks in height it makes up in width often becoming as wide as as it is tall. They have a well-behaved root system which makes them great for the home garden and for growing in pots. Frangipanis are also great survivors coping with drought, heat, neglect and insect and pest attack. They are also deciduous allowing maximum winter sun while providing shade in summer. With its gnarled branches, long leaves and distinctive flowers, the frangipani is easily one of the most common and identifiable trees. The bark is grey/green and scaly in appearance. Frangipani flowers appear in clusters, also at the end of the branches, and are distinctively scented. The petals are waxy with the centre of the flower a different colour to the rest. Frangipani is a small genus of 7-8 species native to tropical and subtropical Americas. The genus consists of mainly deciduous shrubs and trees. From Mexico and Central America, Plumeria has spread to all tropical areas of the world, especially Hawaii, where it grows so abundantly that many people think that it is indigenous there.
Cordia – US $25.00
The Cordia, Cordia sebestena is a dense, rounded, evergreen native tree that grows slowly to a height of 25 feet with an equal spread and can develop a trunk 12 inches thick. The large, seven-inch-long, stiff, dark green leaves are rough and hairy, feeling much like sandpaper. Appearing throughout the year, are dark orange, two-inch-wide flowers which appear in clusters at branch tips. The splendid flowers are followed by one to two-inch-long, pear-shaped fruits, which have a pleasant fragrance but are not particularly tasty. Cordia is quite salt- and brackish-water tolerant, making it ideal for use in coastal landscapes as a free-standing specimen, patio or framing tree. Most specimens are seen as multitrunked and low-branching but nurseries can produce single-trunked trees suitable for Bridgetown and parking lots. It has been used as a street tree in some communities but drops leaves as a drought-avoidance strategy in prolonged dry spells. Outside of the Caribbean , Cordia is known as the Geiger-Tree. This name was bestowed by Audubon in commemoration of John Geiger, a Key West pilot and wrecker of the 19th century who identified this excellent Caribbean native tree in his neighbour’s backyard.
Mahoe – US $25.00
The Seaside Mahoe, Thespesia populnead, is native to Old and New World tropics, including Barbados. It is a dense, spreading, usually multi-trunked tree to 40 feet or more with green, heart-shaped, 4- to 5-inch leaves with tapering tips. Its hibiscus-like flowers are attractive both when they are pale yellow and also when they age to a deep pink. The leaves help add to the appeal of this tree, both because they are shiny and because their large size can provide a visual contrast. Even the pods are a feature.

T. populnea has a wide range of uses. These vary from use as a food plant or for medicine to use of the timber for craft. The plant also produces rope and dye and is used as a shade tree and as a windbreak. As the name implies, Seaside Mahoe is ideally suited to coastal planting. The fruit are buoyant in seawater, enabling seeds to be carried by ocean currents to distant shores. Its large size and low, spreading branches limit its use in the urban landscape. Sometimes seen as a street tree and as a landscape tree in coastal parks and large oceanfront villas and hotels.

Royal Palm – US $50.00
Barbados Royal Palm, Roystonea oleracea, is a large, single-stemmed palm with pinnate leaves. The large stature and striking appearance of a Roystonea palm makes it a notable aspect of the landscape. The stems, often compared to stone columns, are smooth and columnar. Stems often are swollen and bulging along portions of their length, which may reflect years where growing conditions were better or worse than average. With its white marble column-like trunk, superb green crown shaft, and graceful spreading crown of feather shaped leaves, a fully-grown tree is an awe-inspiring sight, and amazing to think that this huge tree grows from such a small seed. Often said to be the most attractive of the Roystoneas, despite not being as commonly grown as some others. A very good garden plant, only the larger garden however. These plants have the ability to easily release their leaves in strong winds, a supposed adaption serving to prevent toppling during hurricanes. Imposing, very stately, up to 30 m tall (100 ft), with light gray, erect, cylindrical trunk up to 22 m (70 ft). A very fast grower once the trunk starts to get large.